Effect of the addition of metakaolin on the carbonation of Portland cement concretes
AbstractCarbonation has been a concern of constructors and researchers because, by lowering the pH of the interstitial solution of the concrete, it can favor the post-deposition and subsequent corrosion of reinforced concrete reinforcement. Among the factors that influence carbonation is the use of pozzolanic materials, such as metakaolin. However, there is no consensus as to the positive or negative contribution of these additions. This work evaluated the influence of metakaolin on the mechanical properties, porosity and in particular on the carbonation of concrete, from the addition of 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% of metakaolin, in relation to the cement mass. From the results, it was observed that the addition of metakaolin, while not significantly influencing the porosity, gave the concrete a greater resistance to axial compression, a decrease in the capillary absorption and delayed the advance of the carbonation front in the concrete.