Nonlinear numerical analysis of composite slabs with steel decking
AbstractThe composite slabs behavior is governed by longitudinal shear at the interface between the steel deck and concrete, which is developed in slabs under simple bending. The m-k method and the partial connection method, that are used in the evaluation of shear strength at the steel-concrete interface of composite slabs, are based on expensive and long-term experimental tests. The main objective of this work is to implement a finite element model for nonlinear numerical analysis of concrete slabs with steel decking. For this, flat shell elements are implemented, considering Reissner-Mindlin and Kirchoff plate theories, bar elements, considering the beam theory of Tymoshenko, and interface elements. In the numerical analyzes presented in the present work, the steel deck and the concrete slab, of thickness given by the total height of the slab less the height of the steel deck, are modeled with flat shell elements. The concrete rib is modeled with bar elements. The contact between steel deck and concrete is modeled through interface elements. The geometric and material nonlinearities are considered in the numerical analysis. The analyzed examples validate the numerical model suggested in this work, presenting the advantage of using a two-dimensional discretization of the problem while in comparative numerical models are uses a three-dimensional discretization of the concrete slab.